Yesterday and today, on 13 and 14 February, a high-level ministerial conference was held in Poland where talks covered the possible ways of ensuring greater stability in the Middle East. The meeting brought together more than 50 countries to encourage the resolution of prolonged conflicts and find common ground among various viewpoints. The discussions touched on the threats posed by the harmful activities of Iran and the development of missile programmes in the Middle East region, as well as possibilities for restricting it.
Terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and conflicts in the Middle East pose a threat to regional as well as international security and peace. Participants noted that political will and the cooperation of the international community are key to dealing with these threats.
Participants also talked about the situation in Syria and Yemen, and the prospects of achieving peace between Israel and Palestine. They highlighted the importance of solving the humanitarian crises in the region, and of the fight against violent extremism and cyber threats.
Introducing a ministerial panel on cybersecurity, Sven Mikser noted the need to ensure responsible conduct and the application of international law in cyberspace.
“To ensure stability in cyberspace the principles of international law must be applied and followed online,” he said. According to the Foreign Minister, a series of agreed voluntary norms have already been introduced on the responsible conduct of states in cyberspace, however, we must now move forward with the application of these norms. Cybersecurity is also important for the energy sector: in the Middle East it is particularly vital to ensure the cyber security of oil companies that are based there.
Estonia continues to provide humanitarian aid for alleviating prolonged crises, addressing, in addition to Ukraine, also Syria, Palestine and Yemen, and supporting the central role of UN humanitarian aid organisations and the International Red Cross. Estonia has allocated €7.5 million in total to alleviate the situation of refugees and displaced persons in Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq and Turkey.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia
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